A History of Hancock County in the Twentieth Century
Dorothy June Williams and Thomas E.Q. Williams, © 1995

 

 

THE 1980'S REVITALIZATION MOVEMENT

Somewhere in the night, we know that those who have gone before are watching over us.

And when the night becomes the blackest, we can feel this one or that saying to us. "I will be there for you. Lean upon my strength. Give your burden to my shoulder to bear."Among those who will be so speaking to us will be Les Barr.

And he will be there for anyone who requires inspiration to help improve Greenfield as he did.

He and others active in the 1980's Greenfield revitaliazation movement.

By the 1980's, Greenfield had lost its vision of itself. We had forgotten that our town had run gamuts of gas boom excess, of World War I patriotism, of 20's giddiness, of Depression struggle, World War II commitment, self sacrifice and recovery, of 50's baby boom, of the struggle and strain of suburbanism. of the despair with the issues of the 70's. that somehow through the years and from whatever origins we had come, we were now a people living in a town with our own "shine.-

Greenfield showed the strains of time as a town.

Many covered their eyes to avoid looking at the downtown as they passed through Greenfield. The place had become dingy, unpleasant to see, with downtown buildings hardly mintained as the businesses moved out to go to their new shopping center locations on the outskirts of town.

A darkness seemed to settle on Greenfield.

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Into that black, lights began to shine in the 1980's. The rediscovery of our -gas frenzy" architectural heritage was a start. Suddenly. we could recover the visions of our past.

Greenfield Historic Landmarks was founded in 1980, with Les Barr as its initial President. The Board consisted of Les Barr, mary Lou Poe, Cathy Flink, Ann Skavarenina, Carolyn Orr, Rosalie Richardson, and Gene Powell. About its founding, Les Barr was quoted in a Dec. 4, 1983 article in the Indianapolis Star as saying that Greenfield Historical Landmarks was incorporated in December 1980, "in anticipation of seeing Riley School phased out as a school facility. To protect its future and promote preservation was a concern for all of us," Barr said.

Preserving the aging but historical school through conversion to a housing project was the spark needed to rekindle this community's interest in revitalization.

In 1981. the Historic Landmarks Foundation of Indiana surveyed the county to identify potential historic sites and landmarks and help local groups pursue revitalization plans. As it turned out, the report, by Howard Needles, Taxmen and Bergendoff,an Indianapolis firm retained to devise details of the Greenfield Revitalization Plan, became a major resource.

In 1982. Historic Landmarks engineered the sale of Riley School to Gordon Clark and Associates of Indianapolis for conversion into luxury condominiums. selling anywhere from $60,000 to $75,000. An untimely fire at Riley School later destroyed those efforts.

Les Barr began soliciting support and gathering steam in a drive to implement a $1 million revitalization plan of which the Hancock County Courthouse was to be the visual focus. This would result in the formation of Greenfield Revitalization, Inc. Its initial board was Les Barr. Judy Brown, Larry Brown. Don Hatke, Jim Davis, Mary Lou Poe, Gregg Morelock, Bob Strickland, Dave Pasco and its projects included helping to raise money for Riley Home renovation work. establishing a Court Courthouse Plaza, and undertaking downtown beautification. A Ball State Study resulted in a specific plan for downtown trees, benches, banners, brick

183 sidewalks, and street lamps. Other projects were to

encourage a study of the uses of the abandoned railroad corridor, parking. and the implementation of a downtown Farmer's Market. The group also prepared a pamphlet for property owners on storefront renovations.

At least in part due to GRI encouragement, the downtown was busy with individuals at work making improvements. Dean and Barbara Dobbins did a masterful restoration of Dean's law office. Greenfield Banking restored the exteriors of several buildings, Free, Brand and Allen restored the D.H. Goble property they used as a law office, and the County Commissioners restored the 1971 jail for use as a Prosecutor's Office and purchased for renovation the Masonic Building. Eventually Historic Landmarks would purchase 226 W. Main for restoration on its own. Les spent many hours personally on this project.

In 1984, Greenfield found its Courthouse Plaza built. This was not merely a social center but also a specific resource, an amphitheater that could be converted into a skating rink in winter, a gazebo, park benches and a flagstaff station. The benefit is obvious. In the summers this site is the location of the Friday night free concerts and entertainments sponsored by Greenfield Banking Co. Many other community activities also occur here.

In the midst of these other efforts, Greenfield Historic Landmarks Inc. applied for designation of the Greenfield downtown district as a historic site with the support of Greenfield Revitalization Inc.

In March 1985, James M. Ridenour, the Director of the Indiana Department of Natural Resources, also state historic preservation officer, notified city authorities that much of Greenfield had, on the application of Greenfield Historic Landmarks, Inc., on the idea of Les Barr, been placed on the National Register of Historic Places, thus joining the Eli Lilly Laboratories, Spanish style buildings on West Main St, built in 1914, and the James Whitcomb Riley Home, built in 1850 as designated nationally significant historic sites.

The six-block area designated for the register is known as the Greenfield Courthouse Square Historic

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District. It is bounded roughly by North. Hinchman, South and Pennsylvania streets. Some of the principal buildings within the Greenfield Historic District are the following: The Hancock County Courthouse, of Romanesque/Tudor Gothic Revival architecture constructed in 1896: The Fourth Hancock County Jail of 1871 at 27 American Legion Place. of Second Empire architectural inspiration; the D.H. Goble House. on Courthouse Plaza, now the home of the law firm of Brand and Allen, of Jacobethan Revival/Free Classic architecture, built in 1900: the Masonic Temple, 2 West Main Street, of Romanesque Revival architecture, built in 1895; the Citizen's Bank. 14 West Main Street. of Italianate architecture, built in 1874; the Bradley United Methodist Church. 200 W. Main, of Richardsonian Romanesque architecture, built in 1902: the House at 226 W. Main of Gothic Revival built approximately 1850: the James Whitcomb Riley Home. 250 W. Main Street. of Greek Revival/Italianate architecture, built 1850; the Thayer House, 304 W. Main Street. of Italianate/Eastlake architecture. built around 1870: the Andrew Banks/Spencer House, 22 N. Pennsylvania St., of Queen Anne architecture, built in 1840, and rebuilt in 1895; the First Presbyterian Church. 21 S. Pennsylvania St., of Victorian Romanesque Architecture, built in 1906; the Carnegie Library Building, 98 W. North St., of Neo≠Classic architecture, built 1908: the Old City Building, 19 W. North St., of Jacobethan Revival architecture, built in 1895: the Greenfield Post Office, 207 N. State St.. of Classical Revival architecture, built in 1931; the Hancock County Memorial Building, 100 E. North Street of Neoclassic architecture, built in 1923: the Greenfield Christian Church, 23 Northeast St., of Victorian Romanesque, built in 1895; the House at 302 E. Main St., of Mediterranean architecture, built around 1920. the Log Jail in Riley Park at Apple Street. built in 1853, and the Chapel in the Park, built around 1850.

Those owning buildings within this district must now obtain the approval of city authorities before making alterations or repairs so that Greenfield will retain its historic downtown intact for future generations.

In the latter part of the 1980's Les was a guiding

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force in Greenfield Revitalization. Gregg Morelock, the last President of GRI, told me the later successes included implementing a plan for bricking downtown sidewalks, providing new street lighting and planting trees downtown. The money for this came from from donations, Eli Lilly and the city. The group disbanded in Dec. 31. 1992 with their remaining funds deposited with the Hancock County Foundation to maintain banners and to provide seed money for any later group which might wish to develop a linear park to connect the city's Riley and Brandywine Parks and or the old railroad grade which the city purchased.

In his later years, Les developed Crickett Reel Addition at the corner of McKenzie and Apple Streets. I remember telling him, he was going to be famous some day. In my earlier years I did quite a bit of abstract work for the Greenfield Building and Loan Assn.. the new lawyers in Greenfield generally did that kind of work until their practices were established, and I was aware of names of many of those who entered the plats for Greenfield, the Woods, the Pratts, the Baldwins, the Boyds, the Piersons, etc. etc. and I told Les he would now join this group. He smiled laconically, he was never much of a boaster, really rather a quiet fellow. I think he knew in his heart he would much rather be remembered as a person instrumental in the 1980's downtown rebirth. His successors as Building Commissioner of Greenfield, Terry Jones and Herman Graddy, have worked hard too.

Les Barr died in 1991, a sad occasion for the town of Greenfield.

A SLIGHT 1980'S "BABY BOOM" ERA RESURGENCE

In the 1950's Greenfield had almost no industry with three out of four in households supported by an Indianapolis employee. By 1980, Greenfield and Hancock County had gained back some industry, this time without gas.

Major industries, by the 1980's, were Eli Lilly and Co. which continued to expand their laboratories which employed 880, Indiana Knitwear Corp which manugactured clothing employing 350, Roll Coater, Inc. which made Pre‑

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Painted Metal and had 200 workers, Indiana Box Co., Inc. manufacturing Wood and Corrugatged Boxes and had 30 employees, Insul-Coustic Corp. producing Fiber Glass Parts and had 100 workers, and Frazier Engineering, Inc. making Color coatings and had 24 employees. None of these major industries had unions.

According to statistics from the Indiana Employment Security Division, Hancock County had a manufacturing employment in the county in 1980 of 2,350. Many of these additional employees worked in union shops but in other places, predominantly being members of the United Auto Workers and United Textile Workers. Hancock County was not known as a place where unions were looked upon favorably.

Even today, in 1993, IPT, the largest employor, remains non-union.

The modest industrial develoment through the 1980's was a minor influence compared at suburban residential -spread" from Indianapolis in causing population growth but it did, to some extent, contribute to that growth. Greenfield's population grew from 1960 at 9,049, from 1970 at 9,986, to 11,303 in 1980. At the same time. Hancock County grew in population from 26,665 in 1960, to 35.096 in 1970. to a population of 44,669 in 1980.

WORKING AT IPT, TEE COUNTY'S LARGEST EMPLOYER WISH CAME IN 1988

Recently. I talked with an IPT employee. Here is how it is to work there.

-You know how hot it is outside. (90s at the time)?" "I haven't sweat a drop. The whole plant is air conditioned except in die cast where the casting is done for aluminum parts and the machines drop the parts out."

IPT is Indiana Precision Technology, Inc. located at 400 West New Road, in Greenfield, which started up operation after the building was completed June 28, 1988, an employer of 629 people, or "associates- as IPT prefers to call them as of July 1993.

"All the machinery is computerized." he says. "You set it up and if you don't set it right the computer won't let the part come on out, so you can't miss on

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different kinds of parts made there." His pride at having a job at IPT shows.

The plant makes parts for the Honda Civic and Accord -all fuel injection assemblies are made there.

That is, in fact, why the IPT plant came to be. Back in April 1988, American Honda Motor Co.. Inc. (the only native American corp. shareholder with 36% share ownership), and Denishi Giken of Kakuda, Japan. Keihin Seiki Manufacturing Co., of Tokyo, Japan and Hadsys Inc. of Kakuda, Japan, got together start up capitol of $72 million to get IPT put together. The American partner, American Honda Motor Co., Inc. is a relatively new corporation of Torrance, CA which wholesales motorcycles and automobiles.

"We do all the final assembly of fuel injection systems and all the parts are made there using automatic robots to make sleeves and tubings and put together the injection systems," he says. Also the water pumps with tubes coming off to put your hoses on are made there although 1993 will be the last year that the Accord will have water jackets on their fuel injection systems.

The technology is the part of working at IPT that most fascinates him, especially the robots "in cages" which "associates" can watch making the steel lines. People do not become involved in the project until it is time to inspect (each item is inspected three times at each stage of manufacture) and put them into trays.

All of the employees are currently observing the approximately one hundred Japanese technicians installing a new machine for throttle body machining and retooling for the next model year's parts for the Honda Accord and Civic.

The piece that the new machine produces, a throttle body. looks like a carburetor. To start this machine you place your finger into a plastic slot on each side and this starts the machine. These machines have beams on them so if you break the beam the equipment cuts off. OSHA approves everything for safety.

When he saw some Japanese technicians checking out an operation, he said, "We couldn't understand a word they say. We have one guy who served in Japan and he translates. the Japanese are hard workers.- he adds.

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"They arrive before 6 a.m. and they are still there at 3 p.m. when I leave. They work when they have to get something done."

He remarks about the cleanliness of the plant. "It is so clean you have to wear special shoes in there," he says. The company pays 75% of the cost of them. Any piece of dust which would get on a fuel injector could cause malfunction. "All we are there for is to move the parts around and set them in the machines," he says. "Just like today they were moving over to the new model year, the Japanese do it." The only machines that seem dangerous to him would be the machines that have chromatic acid in them that puts the shine on the aluminum parts. When the parts are first manufactured the aluminum is green or brown. Then after they go through ovens and dryers, they have the shiny, finished look. The workers on these machines have special training.

The IPT plant operates at the present in three shifts. One is a skeleton (10:30 p.m. to 7 am.). the first shift works from 6:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. and the second from 2:30 p.m. to 11 a.m. Now the plant is in changeover but usually the plant operates in three full shifts.

Wages at the plant start out at $7.50 an hour and then after a year go to $9.75. They also pay 80% dental, eyewear, meds and everybody treats you decent up there. "It's a good place to work,- he says, "they don't want people with bad attitudes."

1991 BJSINESSES IN HANCOOK COUNTY WITH OVER 10 MILLION IN INCOME

It is impossible, without prying, to know how that would affect the county, but according to Dow's Regional Business Dir., 1991 Ed., there were only 12 Hancock County businesses with sales over $10 million, not counting Eli Lilly, which isn't listed as a Hancock County business, in descending order: Indiana Precision Technology, $120 million; Roll Coater, Inc., $50 million; Irving Materials, Inc., $40 million; Etranco, Inc. $23 million; Liquid Transport Corp., $21 million; Hancock Memorial Hospital, $20 million; Hancock County Farm

189 Bureau Coop, $19 million; Russ Dellen, Inc., an auto

dealer, $16 million; Indiana Knitware, a manufacturer of children's clothing, $15 million; Greenfield Banking Co., $14 million; Greenfield Builders, $12 million; and Smith Implements, $11 million.

ECONOMIC COUNCIL CHALKING LP NEW INDUSTRY

It is nippy out this early morning October day, but 200 West (No, the signs aren't changed to New Rd. at Fortville Pike) just west of the Broadway Street Extension is abuzz. Pickup trucks are parked by a construction mobile home. One bumper sticker on a truck says, "I'm proud to be an operating engineer." Inside, blueprints are spread higgeldy pigeldy on a drawing board. Outside earth equipment is changing the face of the earth all the way to the Interstate. There is not a blade of grass on the construction site, and gas exhaust is pluming into the air from heavy equipment where the new Fasson Roll Division plant is moving into Greenfield.

The Council for Economic Development. Hancock County, has bagged another plant for the county.

The staff of this little known but immensely important agency consists of Thomas P. Miller, Executive Director, and Nancy Alldredge, Administrative Assistant. Tom Miller explained the Council is dedicated to economic development. "We coordinate and promote business development activity in the county. We are funded in part by the city and county and in part by others, cities and towns, and also by private businesses such as utility companies and developers." The City of Greenfield provides office space in City Hall.

Among their jobs is to work with "out of county" business prospects thinking of locating here. They also assist existing businesses who might be wishing to expand or develop new markets.

The Council has not been on the scene for long in Hancock County. It started in 1985 largely under the initiative of Joe Smith then of Hancock Bank and Trust and M. T. Davis of Eli Lilly. They were the Council's "Fathers" according to Miller. Tom has been Executive Director since February 1989. The first Executive

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Director was Rick Glover.

Almost immediately the Council assisted the County in obtaining one new business, The PerlmanóRocque Company, a McDonald's supplier located on 2155 Fields Boulevard. They came to Greenfield in 1986, in part due to the lure of Greenfield's willingness to stand behind a $5.2 million economic development bond issue for construction costs of the restaurant products distribution center which is not Greenfield's obligation to repay. The firm distributed food and supplies to 135 McDonald's restaurants.

More recent efforts have been the bagging of Indiana Precision Technology and now Avery Dennison.

Indiana Precision Technology, Inc. started April 4, 1988 with an initial investment of 7.2 Million, with 200 jobs. In 1993 Total investment is $160 Million and employs 622. This business was assisted by the Council with an economic package which included tax abatement for ten years. Tax abatement, explained Mr. Miller, is a confusing term. A business whose tax is abated still pays the property taxes that were on the real estate when they bought it. but the value of their improvements are phased in over ten years. Sometimes people think that the new industries brought in pay no taxes, and that is not true.

The new plant coming in is Fasson Roll Division. An Avery Dennison Company, which announced it was coming to Greenfield on July 22, 1993. Its initial investment is $30 Million and will employ 90 persons.

Another company is Novelty, Inc. which announced its move to Greenfield on, Oct. 29, 1991. with an initial investment of $1 Million and employs 35 and is currently in business at the old Brandywine Hall. 2700 West Main St., Greenfield.

The Council has also assisted existing businesses. Among them has been Pres Glas Corporation which recently completed building a new plant on 125 North Blue Rd. and several Greenfield Builders projects.

Tom Miller said, "I feel like our group is focused on its primary objectives. to be sensitive to existing business needs of the community, and make sure they can take advantage of opportunities available for their

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organizations and also aggressively seek out new industry. We have tried to maintain a balance of adding quality and diversity to employment opportunities." The group is also assisting in administering the new Community Foundation.

The members of the Council are currently Roy Wilson, President, at large; Tom Roney, 1st Vice President, at large; Joe Smith, 2nd Vice President. Greenfield Chamber of Commerce; Marcia Parker, Treasurer, New Palestine Chamber of Commerce; Larry Breese, Greenfield City Council; Bob Cherry. Hancock County Council; Debbie Clause, Town of Wilkinson; Nancy Huber, McCordsville; Arthur Knox, Wilkinson Town Board; Keith McClarnon, City of Greenfield; Karen Mills, Town of McCordsville; Dick Pasco, at-large; Dr. Betty Poindexter, New Palestine at large; Dick Shank, town of New Palestine representative; William Silvey, Hancock County Commissioners; and Steve Vendel, Fortville Merchants.

THE GREENFIELD CHAMBER OF COMMERCE

The Greenfield Chamber of Commerce is one reason why Greenfield and Hancock County does not drift away from its sense of community. This group holds firmly to the goal of making our community shine. Not only does this group validate the important business activity of our community but it also recognizes what Heb. 2.3 would describe as "signs and wonders and various powerful deeds and apportionments," the great achievements of individuals which contribute to our identity as a community of God at their highly recognized annual dinners.

When I asked Pat Mackey, its Executive Secy. (and only paid employee), what its purpose was she read me from its bylaws, -The Greater Greenfield Chamber of Commerce, Inc. is organized for the purpose of advancing the commercial, industrial, civic, and general interests of the city of Greenfield and its trade area."

She informed me that the officers this year are P.J. Bratton, Pres., formerly the manager of the Bank One Branch at Green Meadows Shopping Center although she has

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now been transferred to that bank's E. 71st St. branch in Indianapolis. Her Chamber term ends Jan. 1st and she is staying on until her term ends despite her move. The 1st Vice Pres. is Karin Blue, an attorney at Pritzke and Davis law firm, 728 N. State St. The 2nd Vice Pres. is Fuad Hammoudeh, Administrator of Hancock Memorial Hospital, a wonderful success story of a person, a Palestinian born businessman educated in Christian schools in that volatile Mid-Eastern area. The Secy. is Bob Campbell who runs Greenfield's only stock brokerage firm, Edward D. Jones and Company, 1275 W. Main St.,and Treas. is Fred Keene, owner of Edward's Cleaners, now at 237 W. Main. the long time dry cleaner predecessors of this business being Horace and Leona Edwards.

They hold regular monthly meetings. noon lunches, and bimonthly meetings, billed as a BIZ-NESS meeting, or social function, hosted at one of the Chamber member's place of business where the member explains to the rest the nature and conduct of that business, where attendees can relax, exchange business cards with others and get new business ideas.

Finally the Chamber sponsors a Legislator's Breakfast in Feb. where businessmen can keep informed by our state legislators about governmental activities, has an annual dinner in April of every year, a June golf outing at the Greenfield Country Club, sponsors a Greenfield night to watch the Indianapolis Indians baseball team play at Bush Stadium in Aug. and a Dec. Xmas party for members.

Let us return to the last Spring recognition night, April 14. The community leaders gather at St. Michael's Fellowship Hall for dinner. Two community service awards were presented. One went to Robert Strickland in his last year as President of Greenfield Banking Co. His successor is William Easton. Strickland was Riley Festival Treasurer from 1972 until his retirement this year 1993 and a city councilman from 1972 until 1984. The other went to Dale Beagle, Parade of Flowers Chairman from its inception. Dale started Beagle Furniture Store, Greenfield's only remaining downtown furniture store, 112 W. Main St., in 1947 after working the previous 12 years for Eli Lilly. His son Tom has run the store since

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Dale's retirement. The Chamber's Service Award went to Ron Dezelan, an accountant in one of two accounting firms in Greenfield. Ron Dezelan became senior partner in the Kemper CPA Group whose office building, at 332 E. Main St., constructed perhaps five years ago, has three Certified Public Accountants. The town's other major accounting firm, Billy Wilson and Son, (Chris) is located at 313 N. State St. Kent Fisk also was honored for the service he has done to the business community in organizing the Chamber's golf outing and other activities. Kent is active with his father Denny in running Fish Sanitation Service, Inc. I note sadly that the founder of the firm, Joe Fisk, died just this month in October, 1993. At church, his daughter, Karen Fleming. told me it was not a sad event but a source of happiness to her that he would no longer have to suffer and would be in the hands of the Lord. Mary Parido won the Bill Spacey Distinguished Teacher Award. She teaches German and English at Greenfield High School since 1975. The award honors long time teacher and Middle School Principal William T. Spacey and was presented by Ken Schmidt, Vice Pres. of Roll Coater. The award is given annually and carries an award of $1,000 from the Arvin Foundation. Roll Coater, at 1950 E. National Road. is an Arvin Industry. The entertainment for the evening this year was a speech by Gregg Todd, a newscaster from WRTV, Channel 6 in Indianapolis.

Past awards winners from the Chamber's Annual Dinner were awarded as follows: 19/5: Paul Buddy Gibbs, Community Service Award J.B. Stephens, Community Service Award: 1976: Billie C. Wilson, Past President Plaque; 1978: Richard Lineback. Community Service Award, Ivan Dudley, Community Service Award: 1979: Judge George B. Davis, Community Service Award. Jack Johnson, Community Service Award, Gary McClurg, Past President Plaque: 1981: Martha Beckenholdt, Community Service Award Robert Eagleston. Chamber Service Award Ronald Keczmarek, Past President Plaque, John Shelby. Past Director's Plaque, Gerald Miller. Past Director's Plaque. Max Gentry, Past Director's Plaque, Dave Huffman, Past Director's Plague, Jim Hendrix, Past Director's Plague. 1982: Earl McCarthy, Community Service Award, Cyrus Herod, Community Service

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Award, Earl Brooks, Community Service Award. Robert Bottorff, Chamber Service Award. President of Chamber for 2 years, Tom Beagle, Past Director's Plaque, Larry Braum, Past Director's Plaque, Dennis Kelly, Past Director's Plaque, and Dan O'Connor, Past Director's Plaque, 1983: Dorothy June Williams, Community Service Award, Jim Andrews, Community Service Award, Don Hatke, Chamber Service Award, Judy Brown, Past Director's Plaque, Robert Eagleston, Past Director's Plaque, Pierce Upchurch. Past Director's Plaque, Walter Waitt, Past Director's Plaque, and Robert Bottorff, Past Director's Plaque; 1984: Earnest Tidrow, Outstanding Community Service Award, Judy Brown, Greenfield Chamber Service Award, Ray Bartnick, Past Director's Plaque, Bob Marshall, Past Director's Plaque. Pat Huffman. Past Director's Plaque, Barnie Pappas, Past Director's Plaque, Gene Ruesch, Past Director's Plaque, 1985: Mervin Holzhausen, Outstanding Community Service Award, Robert Campbell, Greenfield Chamber Service Award, Jim Barnhart, Past Director's Plaque, Bob Campbell, Past Director's Plaque, Kay Conley, Past Director's Plaque, John White, Past Director's Plaque, Marilyn Wolf. Past Director's Plaque; 1986: Tom Williams, Sr., Outstanding Community Service Award, E.C. "Mac" McCleerey, Chamber Service Award, Gerald Essington, Past Director's Plaque, Beverly Gard. Past Director's Plaque, Penny Jackson, Past Director's Plaque. Roger Reason, Past Director's Plaque. Chris Rohr, Past Director's Plaque; 1987: Dr. Herman Dettwiler. Community Service Award, Chris Dillon, Chamber Service Award, M.T. Davis, Past President, Chris Dillon. Past Director's Plaque, Max Greenwalt. Past Director's Plaque, E.C. McCleerey, Past Director's Plaque. Joe Smith. Past Director's Plaque: 1988: M.T. Davis, Community Service Award, Joesph A. Smith, Community Service Award. Ron Ward. Chamber Service Award, Timothy Garner. Past President, Tom Bloodgood, Past Director's Plaque. John Holt, Past Director's Plaque. Ron Ward. Past Director's Plaque; 1989: Community Service Award. Nick Gulling, Hancock Co,. Sheriff Chamber Service Award, Thomas Bloodgood, Past president gavel, Ron Pritzke, Past Director's Plaque, Ron Pritzke, Past Director's Plaque, Bob Campbell, Past Director's Plaque, Lyn O'Neal, Past

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Director's Plaque, Mary Lou Poe, Past Director's Plaque, Mike Low; 1990: Chamber service Award, Joseph Smith, Hancock Bank & Trust Community Service Award, Joannie Bowen, Past President gavel, Joe Duffy, Past Director's Plaque. Robert Eagleston, Past Director's Plaque. Gerald Essington, Past Director's Plaque, Judy Swift, Past Director's Plaque, Jon Miller: 1991: Chamber Service Award, Robert Eagleston, Community Service Award, Fred & Dody Fleming, Past Director's Plaque, Larry Breese, Past Director's Plaque, Tom Jeffers, Past Director's Plaque, Sarah Davis, Past Director's Plaque, James E. Davis; 1992: Chamber Service Award, Judy Swift, Community Service Award, Jim Barnhart, Past Director's Plaque, Pat Huffman, Past Director's Plaque, Ron Dezelan, Past Director's Plaque.

Another club provides an equally valued prize the Sertoma Club's "Service to Mankind" Awards. I recall how pleased and honored my father, John Thomas Williams, felt when he received this award after his efforts as Hancock County Bicentennial Chairman. He kept a copy of the front page Reporter newspaper article about this, with the award presented to him by Leonard Howard. I am sorry to say, despite my several attempts, I was unable to obtain a list of the winners of this award over the years and I reluctantly leave this listing to another -recounter" of the life of the town and county.

GREENFIELD'S CHANGING SHOPPING PATTERNS

As towns do, Greenfield has changed over the years. Particularly its Main Street. I had to think about how the downtown had changed as my attention was drawn to it by the early, August 10th, 1992 fire on Main Street, primarily at Miller's Jewelry, at 28 W. Main Street, but also which seemed to have started in Annie's Resturant in the building to the East.

The fire was not reported until 10:57 P.M. when firemen rushed to the location. The fire burned very quickly and ravaged Miller's Jewelry rendering its second floor a total loss, and its first floor victim to smoke and water damage.

Black plumes of smoke poured out of the restaurant

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shortly after the firemen arrived and the firemen began their war against lapping red flames that licked out of the structures.

The tire won for a long period of time. It was not brought under control until 3 A.M. on tuesday morning.

The firemen were tested almost beyond their capacity. Two of them were injured. One, Joe Fortner, lost consciousness at the scene of the blaze and another. Wayne Brooks, became unresponsive while fighting the fire. Both had to be taken to the Emergency Room at the hospital but both were released after treatment. Several others suffered from smoke inhalation but were treated at the site by Emergency Medical Technicians and its rehab section monitored firemen's vital signs. The ladies auxiliary was particularly helpful in distributing water and passing around cold wet towels.

The restaurant had had no fire alarm system or smoke detectors.

Firefighters from several surrounding communites came to join in to save Greenfield's downtown. These included units from Charlottesville, Buck Creek Township. and New Palestine.

The face of the Greenfield downtown had changed once more.

When I was a girl, children were not allowed to dawdle downtown after school in the 20s. But I was still downtown enough to remember well the businesses at the sites that burned.

The Miller's Store that burned had been a millinery or hat shop and on the alley upstairs was the dental office of Dr. E.B. Howard.

Earlier this two story building had been the home and law office of an early lawyer named Thomas D. Walpole, also Hancock County's Representative in the Legislature for two terms prior to the Civil War.

The dentist office was very busy as I remember it. In those days there was a lot of tooth-pulling. Many people had gaps in their gums. If a person wanted an anesthetic, he got it. Chloroform was the main pain killer used. The dentist draped himself over the person whose tooth was to be removed to yank out the tooth.

This same building which used to house the dental

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office of Dr. E.B. Howard was the building which became Miller's Jewelry Store.

The destruction of fire broke out while people slept unable to realize that an old Greenfield landmark was being swept away in flames. Most people hoped that the jewelry store contents could be saved when they eventually did hear of it.

Typically, Miller's Jewelry did reopen, but not in the old downtown. Instead it opened up in the shopping center to the north of town known as Northgate Shopping Center.

The old downtown has lost out as a business center for the purchase of wants and needs of daily life. The groceries and drug stores, and merchandise stores, are all located out on the edges of town, in 1993. and the downtown is relegated to specialty stores, antique stores, offices, and banks.

SHOPPING @ENTER 1993

Well, it is getting late in the evening and I am out of cat food. "Meow," the cats say at the back door. I guess I am out of a few other things so I had better go to the grocery. The cats know to scadaddle as I start up the car. I head north on State Street to Marsh's Wow! Out of the way! A firetruck with siren bears down behind me. heading out into the county. Well here we are at one of the shopping centers north of Greenfield. Marshes. Store 18 out of a total of 84 supermarkets in the chain in Central Indiana and Ohio. 1248 North State Street. Yes, I remember when Marsh's had the north part of Northgate Shopping Center at the corner of State and McKenzie until a couple of years ago. Not enough room for them, I guess, so they have their own shopping center now.

Can you imagine! A grocery with its own stop light on State Street. And the entry into it has two lanes each way. This place is really an operation. Employs 140 people. At 7:41 P.M. on a Sunday night cars are going in and out. I stop and park. A fellow goes to his car ahead of me carrying two pumpkins. I guess it is getting near to Hallowe'en. Another car parks beside me,. A

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woman gets out, white, with a black man staying in the car beside her while she goes into the grocery. Well, you wouldn't have seen that in Greenfield much before now.

Marshes spreads in front of me, about a hundred fifty feet store front (?), and about the same length heading north where the Marsh Shopping Center contains a number of smaller stores in a strip mall, all parallel with State Street. (I called Brian Parker the manager later and he says they have 42,000 square feet of shop!) With Hallowe'en so near, I had better get some candy while I am inside for trick or treaters.

I walk north up the strip mall to see what the other shops are north in the Marsh's Shopping Center. "Past and Present Gifts." Not hard to figure what's in there. Next to it is a store with three times the front of PPG. It is vacant thought. The sign above, unlit, says "Reliable," the name of a drug store and above the door it says "Pharmacy" and below it "Liquor." I think I heard this chain went bankrupt now that I think about it. Oh well, the next store says "American Rental." Must be one of those "rent to own" places where you get something and they say you are only renting it for awhile until the last payment and then they say, "You have bought it." Next is Fiesta Hair Fashions. Emily goes in there to get her "roots" dyed...at $40 a time. Next a sign says -China Inn" in big red fluorescent letters. Must be a new restaurant. Then "Insurance First." They have our home fire insurance. It is an outgrowth of the old William Blue Agency. I believe a bank bought that agency a few years ago. "Mozzi's Pizza" comes next. They have a store on the west end of town too, renting the building at 2221 W. Main that used to be the old Rambler Car Dealership out there. Then H & R Block Store. They figure taxes and guarantee if you are audited by the I.R.S. to go with you to the audit. Then Opti Vision 2000. They make eyeglasses in an hour. Finally at the end there is place with maybe thirty cars out front, "The Class of '58." My brother graduated from Greenfield High School with Jim Werden, the owner of this bar. Lot's of people inside. Yes people said about ten years ago that if we allow Sunday liquor sales this kind of thing might

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happen. I remember my grandfather voting the straight Prohibition Party ticket when that party was perennially on the ballot mid-Century.

I had better get back to Marshes. My cats won't wait for me forever to get some cat food!

The Marshes has huge signs in front saying SEAFOOD, FLORAL, BAKERY, DELI, and QUICKEY CENTER, with a "G- by its side. The Greenfield Banking Co. has a branch inside. The Marshes' front is basically a huge pentagon of open glass with bright inside lights visible and a brick wing on either side.

My friend Bob Elsea and his wife walk outside pushing a wire basket on wheels, a grocery cart. Bob is wearing shorts and when I kid him he says the weather got up to 70 today. We are having unusually warm weather.

Before I go inside I note that the glass has huge posters on the panes. "DOUBLE- says one, and when you get closer you are told Marshes gives double manufacturer's coupons. Another says -FREE." Sounds great! I go to look at that one, and find Marshes will give you back your film, developed, FRFF, if it is not developed overnight. Another sign says Marsh is having a "Coupon A Rama," a buy one get one free sale.

Well. I had best get inside. I hear my cats meowing in my mind. n I walk past the individual newspaper boxes where you can insert a quarter and purchase a daily edition of the Indianapolis Star, Indianapolis News, Greenfield Daily Reporter, USA Today, Chicago Tribune or the Investor's Daily. I pass a Coke machine and Pepsi machine before entering the double doors that open by sensing your arrival with electric eyes. The door confirms that I can pay for my groceries with VISA. Mastercard or Discover Card, different credit cards, but all charging about the same high approximate interest rate of 20%.

I select a cart in the front of the store. There are about 125 to pick from and I pick the closest. Other electric riding carts, called a -Mart Carts," are available for handicapped people with a little steel basket in the rear for groceries.

Maybe I had better get color coded. The shelves with yellow underneath are for customers needing calorie

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control and diabetics, the red designator is for groceries for persons requiring low cholesterol and low saturated fat diets, and the green marks sodium restricted choices. Their advertising slogan I hear so often on television, "We Value You- applies to their merchandising and packaging too!

I go by the eight checkout lanes and the two extras where you can get express checkout if you buy twelve items or less. Not all are open.

The dairy section is on the north side of the building, with twelve rows of merchandise in the middle and another large are on the south end of the building for open display of vegetables, fruits and on the east half of this section a huge deli.

To get to the dairy aisle I pass shelves of cigarettes and dry pet food, and a floral shop. One of the girls in there made the Easter corsage I bought for my mother to wear to church.

There are closed refrigerated units in serial on both sides of an open air refrigerated unit in the middle with frozen foods. About half way are turkeys. With Thanksgiving coming up I check to see how Marsh's turkeys look. Humm! The contain "tender timers" this year. I suppose they contain a gismo that pops out when the turkey is cooked enough 22.66 pounds for $20.17. Marshes sell their own Pizza I see in another case, for .89. That would sure beat a Mozzi's pizza at about ten bucks for the same thing.

Well lets look down the aisles as we go. The next aisle over has cookies, crackers, soups, books, magazines, bread and rolls. The next one has babyfood, diapers, feminine products, cat food, pet needs, and pet food. There we go. My cats will be happy I found this aisle. Yes here is the Puss'n Boots Supreme gourmet platter I buy for them which has poultry byproducts, liver, wheat germ meal, beef, soybean meal, etc. which I mix up with Purina dry cat food. Up ahead a woman is shopping with her little baby in the cart baby seat. Must be 6 months or say. Dad comes along holding coupons. The Gerber Baby Food Section, with its display of little jars of strained foods, sure looks good to that little guy I bet.

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The next aisle is a waste of time with brooms, mops, dish soap, cleaning supplies and fabric softeners. Should I get a package of mouse traps? No, you do have cats now, don't you?

Here comes an aisle of greeting cards. The store is pushing Halloween card sales. A Banner on this aisle says, "Show Someone You Scare," a clever play on words of the more familiar -Show Someone You Care Enough to Buy a Hallmark (greeting card)," and medical non-prescription items. I stop here to get some CONTAC 12 hour cold medicine. It keeps your nose unpluged for twelve hours at a stretch. Just on the market about a year.

Health and Beauty aids are in the next aisle with deodorants and toothpaste, and following it is a "Value Pak" row where you can purchase cardboard boxes full of paper stuff for the most part, Puffs paper handkerchiefs, Zipper Bags for storage of leftovers and Charmin toilet paper, "squeezably soft." Of course if you want you can buy these products in opened boxes too.

Toys, Cereal and Coffee and Tea have an aisle at which I buy some Kellogg's Fruitful Bran Cereal. It has dried peaches, raisins, dates and nuts in it.

I look to the West end of the store, as I am between lanes. The meats are in three shelves of an open refrigeration unit. They have ground meats, choice beef, pork, poultry. smoked meats in this one section. I see the meat counter in the center of the west end of the store, and prepared meats, sandwich meats, hot dogs and the like on the south end. The next aisle has pancake mixes, shortening, sugar spices gelatin, and cake mixes. Here are cocktail mixes, sodas, beverages, soft drinks,

potato chip snacks on the next aisle. The next aisle contains powdered drinks, canned juice, canned fruit, and canned vegetables. A fellow wearing a shirt and tie is mopping the floor. A friend of mine, Mark Dudley, a Realtor walks by. We chat a minute. My the grocery is a nice place to say hello to friends. Here is an aisle with pickles, peanut butter, housewares, granola, and candy. The last aisle has beer, wines, pasta, Mexican foods, canned food and canned meat. As I have been walking up and down the aisles. I have missed seeing my favorite thing to see. The live lobsters they keep in a

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tank at the meat counter. I see they have eleven of them in there now. I wish they would let them go although I am always curious to see them.

Along the West wall, I note the sign giving the 'specials" in the meat department as catfish fillets for 3.99 a pound, salad shrimp for $6.99, whole salmon for $1.99, salmon steaks and fillets at 2.99. That is all seafood guys! No, wait a minute on the counter they offer a special on Prime Cut Fresh Leg of Lamb at 2.49 pound. The beef, our most common Hoosier meat, apparently doesn't get special treatment.

Along the South end I pass by the fruits and vegetables on the attractively decorated tables. Here are Washington State organically grown apples, four for a $1. Here Wisconsin Baking Potatoes, 6 for a $1. melons of various kinds are sliced or balled on another table. Everything looks so good!

There are the pumpkins I saw the fellow carrying out. 1.99 each, or if you want someone has painted faces on some of them and they sell for $3.99. I will have to get a pumpkin to cut up and empty out for Hallowe'en later. I make good ones with triangles for eyes and a series of them for a mouth, put a candle inside, light the candle and set it on the front porch which is kind of customary Hallowe'en time activity.

The Deliócases look good. Three girls are working here this time of night, as compared to the single fellow I saw in produce and the two in the meat department, even at this hour on Sunday evening. Most go home at ten, but the stations in the front, at the checkout lanes, and in the office are manned all night. The German Potato salad looks very good, and the pasta salad. I usually have a salad from the huge row of salad "fixins- in the center aisle when I come here for an occasion lunch. The place has room for fifty diners and at lunches about half are filled at a time.

As I pass around the last corner and roll my cart north to reach the check out lanes, I pass a table with season baked goods, pumpkin pies and cakes decorated in orange icing with black cat and spider decorations. Then past a section where Marshes is selling Hallowe'en costumes, and masks, for the kids to wear when they go

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trick or treating. Wait a minute, is that Don Marsh, the President and Chairman of the Board behind a mask, saying "trick or treat" to me? No. I guess not. Then past the bank and a video rental area and the counter.

As I am ready to check out, my eyes drift to the magazine racks at the checkout counter. Wow! Here is the "Weekly World News- with a picture of a lady on it with the caption TWINS, although one baby weighs 26 pounds and other 5 pounds. The "Life- magazine has a picture on it of the saddest little girl with the caption "When a Father dies." And another is the "Globe" that reveals how actress Doris Day stays fit at 69 by walking her dogs, the shock that a Somali warlord's is keeping his wife in the U.S. who is living on welf are, and how Bill Bixby, an actor dying of cancer, has married his nurse who gave him happiness.

At the checkout lane, I place my groceries on a conveyer belt that carries them up to the checkout person. The check out girl asks me if I have any coupons? "No," I say, thinking, "No discounts for you, bud!" She takes them individually and runs them over an electric monitor which reads the black pricing lines on the product and then places the purchases on another table for bagging. I ask my checkout girl if she likes wearing the Marsh Checkout girl uniform of brown bodice with Marsh engraved on the shoulder and green sleeves. She says -No." Another girl bags up my purchases and asks me if I need help in getting my groceries out to the car. I tell her yes and she Has "Jeff" paged. The clarion call is sounded everywhere, for Jeff to come to the front. He never does and I leave, lugging my groceries behind.

I have been to Marsh's, Greenfield's largest grocery store, and one of a chain of groceries which are owned by a publicly held corporation, Marsh Supermarkets, Inc.. also the owners of LoBill Foods (the really large "super stores" and Village Pantries (174 of them) scattered throughout Indiana. The corporation's sales are over a billion dollars a year. (Yes, $1 billion plus). This summer found the corporation building four new convenience stores, one replacement supermarket, two new supermarkets, and "super stores" projects.

While many Marsh's are in management position, the

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business is a corporation incorporated in 1952 with shareholdings of 5,195,258 shares of class A common and 5,195,258 class B common stock, no par value. The reason so many Marshes are in the business is that the grocery chain was started, long before incorporation, actually in 1931, by Ermal W. Marsh. Marshes got in at the start. Now. there are 4,700 total shareholders of the stock of the corporation whose shares are traded -over the counter.- Don Marsh owns 8% of one of the classes of stock and 7% of the other, and three other relatives of his family have similar holdings. The rest of the stock holdings are scattered.

I go out and get in my car and am home and feeding those appreciative cats as "quick as a cat- and remember the old expression. -A cat can look at a king."

HOW A NEW HOME GETS BUILT IN 1993

As the century closes, Hancock County has become more and more of a -bedroom- community for those working in the large metropolis of Indianapolis to the east. The business of the county is supplying homes for those who work elsewhere.

Let's look at how one of these many, many, homes is built. Ever wonder how your new home gets built?

Ever wonder what a building contractor goes through to get a house built in 1993?

Curiosity got the better of me so I asked a residential builder and here's what happens before you turn the key on your new front door.

Here's what I have to do he says.

Get your financing lined up. Find a building site. Town lots, or major subdivisions have the advantage since their systems for water and sewer have already been approved. But minor subs or acreage sites aren't too hard to accommodate through the county health department. Check with the plan commission to make sure the zoning is residential and get an improvement location permit. (requires submitting a plot plan).

After you get your septic permit, from the Health Dept cost $175 (mainly the cost of a soil boring test) and $25 for the septic permit itself and you take your

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survey (must be by a Certified Land Surveyor or Engineer) and blueprints to the building commissioner, you get a building permit (cost $50), and you have a year to get done.

The first work on the property is to dig a hole to put a foundation in. This is done with a backhoe. The depth of the hole depends upon the crawl space under the house you desire. The hole is usually 3 1/2 or 4 feet deep. Then -gutters- or trenches are dug out for the pad of the foundation, approximately 16" deep. This gutter is then poured with concrete, IMI or somebody. On top of this, you put three or four rows of block depending on how big the crawl space will be. You place a bolt in the last row to stick up.

Next dump pea gravel inside the foundation and get the outside of the foundation coated and sealed so ground water won't get in.

Then the building is framed up starting with the work of a carpenter who puts a -green" plate into the block. You drill a hole in the plate and pop a nut on the bolt from the last row of block and build the floor joist on top of that. The -green- plate is so called because it turns that color after being soaked with chemical compounds to withstand water rot. The carpenter then puts on the floor usually out of 2 x 12 hard pine. The floor is built out of 3/4 - tongue and groove plywood glued and nailed onto the floor joist. Then the walls are framed up and the roof framed. The roof deck is next using 1/2- plywood. Tar paper goes over the roof deck, before the shingles, and then frame in the overhangs on the soffit and fascia board, the underneath part where the vents for the air conditioning and heating goes and the front the gutters will hang.

Then insulate the outside with R board before closing in the frames with brick and putting on doors and windows.

When the house is closed in, you call the wiring, plumbing and heating professionals to get to work. install the inside insulation and then drywallers come in to finish up.

All this is subject to inspections from time to time. Usually there are three inspections. Two are by

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the building commissioner, one called the -rough" to check the foundation footings, heating, plumbing, electrical, general framing of windows and doors, crawl space, and flue to make sure things are up to the county building code, and another, a -final-, to check on workmanship, appliances, heating, plumbing, electrical again, storm drainage, the finish grade, sidewalks and termite proofing. Then an occupancy inspection by whoever has supplied the money, the bank or the FHA (Federal Housing Admin.), who decide if the building stays up, is fixed, or comes down.

The financing? Mainly the builder buys the lot with bank money or pays a subdivision owner say $1,000 down to purchase the lot with the balance when the house is sold. Banks provide construction money, usually in draws, to buy materials, ordinarily in three draws, one to start, another for materials, another when drywalling done.

Nowadays, many of the professionals are licensed by the state, like the plumbers, architects, or engineers, but Hancock County does not require special licensing or bonding for professionals in the building trade. The Building Commissioner just wants construction up to code.

Now you know what goes into building a house these days.

NEIGHBORHOOD "FEEL" OF HANCOCK COUNTY LIFE SPURS SUBDIVISION GROWTH, STATUS 1993

Do you enjoy living in a place where neighbors say hello to each other every day, enquire with sincere concern about the baby, make useful suggestions about baby clothes and toys and comforters, where people help take care of sick neighbors, give unhesitating volunteer time in the schools, hospital, and Boy's and Girl's Club youth activities, where the elderly are offered rides to church without having to ask?

This is the neighborhood "feel" of life in Hancock County and it is apparently such a desirable way of living that Hancock County's subdivisions are filling up with record speeds. A check of some of the major subdivisions in 1993 reveals the situation.

Liberty Shores, north of K-Mart, has only about half

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there is Walnut Ridge, not in the city, but north of Sherwood Hills, still beautifully landscaped and desirable, even without city utilities. Too bad if you want to live there, unless you hurry! Walnut Ridge has only four lots left.

Closer to Indianapolis, but still very much in a suburban setting is Valley Brook, north of Cumberland at about 100 north and 700 west. Indianapolis folk are knocking at its doors and there are only about fifty lots available. Hammers are rapping and drywall is being mudded south of Greenfield too at Bowómar Subdivision, a development owned by Bob Wolfe, with most homes being built by Premier Homes and Signature Homes. This subdivision is in the Southern school district and there are only about twenty lots left. With more quiet than most, Forest Glen, north of Park Street, next to Park Cemetery, has about ten lots left.

Other subdivisions are going fast. Summerfield, located at 350 West, north of U.S. 40, and south of 100 North, has about three lots left. One of the most accessible to the city is Whitcomb Meadows, north of Bowman acres. Premier Homes and Signature Homes are building in this subdivision too. Estimates are that about sixty lots remain. Some of the newer divisions out in the county include the Wilfong Addition at State Rd. 9 and b00 North which has one addition in progress and has lots of room, with 100 more acres nearby for expansion. So is George Reilly's addition on U.S. 52 and 500 West. Eighty more lots are available there. And Cricket Reel, all on the south side of McKenzie Road, has room to expand its 100 lots with options for additions all the way to 400 East.

This has translated into a Spring surge in building and construction activity with people descending on the county from Indianapolis and from many other places wanting to live in Hancock County. The subdivisions all seem to have their own price ranges for building. They seem to be running from Cricket Reel's range of between $150,000 and $300,000, to Whitcomb Meadows' range of residences between $80,000 and $120,000.

Other new homes are being built in the city limits

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of the major towns in the county, in city lots rebuilding where older ones have been torn down, so that the older neighborhoods are being revitalized with new construction too.

What does this say about life in Hancock County? It says that neighborhoods count, that community life is nurturing, and that we in the county and its cities are blessed with the kind of life these settings offer.

"KEEPING UP" THE COUNTY: OUTSTANDING CITIZENS HONORED

There is a work which goes on inevitably if property is to be kept up: the work of maintaining, preserving. improving. All of us who own family residences or business real estate engage in it. The total effort of it gives Hancock County its appearance of being the home of an industrious, hard working and prosperous people.

Some excel at it and are picked out each year by an organization of people who make it their work to honor notable effort at preserving property. Greenfield Historic Landmarks.

Let's look at the property and meet the people who were selected for the 1993 Preservation Awards this year at the organization's May 16th meeting at the Riley Home, awards presented by the organization's president Camilla Miller.

Don and Phyllis Kingen won an award, a Rural Preservation Award, for the Round Barn they have kept on their farm at 4682 W. 600 North. Their barn is huge. visible for miles, noted by historians, much written about, and dominates its whole farm setting. It is also functional and used every day. This unique round barn is featured in a book by John Hanou, A Round Indiana.

The county's most notable residential property -upkeepers" in 1993 were David and Carolyn McCracken. 511 South State Street. They won the Residential

Preservation award for their home, built ca. 1910, in the Colonial Revival style. David's mother told him, "If you are going to buy an old home, buy it and repair it before you are fifty because you won't have the energy to keep it up afterwards." They have restored the home from its former three apartment configuration into a beautiful and

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commodious residence. The McCrackens fought such obstacles as seven layers of wallpaper, removing plaster and apartment adaptations and hired Bill Wright to recreate wooden mouldings to restore their home.

Times change and notable property must meet the changing needs of the times. The way that David Murphy and Ronald Robak adopted the former residence of the Wilsons for a law office at 504 West Main Street won them an Adaptive Reuse Preservation Award this year. The home had been an architectural nightmare, although one of Greenfield's historic homes. For example, it contained no floor crawl space. In remodeling, the floors had to be buttressed with railroad ties. Thanks to the efforts of contractor, George Sherman, substantial conforming gingerbread trim has been added to turn the home located in a part of town known as -Wilson Corner- into a modern law office.

All of these award winners remind us of the neighbor in Robert Frost's poem, -Mending Wall- who mends the stone wall to be a good neighbor. He and our award winners fight against that -Something there is that doesn't love a wall, That sends the frozen-ground-swell under it, And spills the upper boulders in the sun, And makes gaps even two can pass abreast.- Time. weather, and materials may conspire to tear down, but we have many in Hancock County who are good neighbors and keep their property in repair and preserved. Finally, keeping up the county is not just work, sweat and planning. There is a spiritual dimension to it, a raison d'etre. centering on the pride we have in our community, and the justification we experience in living in it, evidenced by its appearance and preservation. This is recognized by a special community award, The Leslie J. Barr Memorial Award, which was awarded this year to Rosalie Richardson. Rosalie Richardson was recognized for her efforts to extend the arts in Greenfield. to encourage preservation and to perform service to Greenfield. She is co-Author (with Larry Fox) of the book, Pictorial History of Greenfield. In accepting the award, Rosalie remembered Leslie Barr as a person of sharp wit, and wonderful taste and contribution to Greenfield.

A word about the organization which presented the

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awards. Greenfield Historic Landmarks was founded in 1980 as an organization of those with an interest in the architectural history of Hancock County. They hold monthly meetings which focus on historic preservation, architectural styles and local history. Meetings are usually held in a local home or building of architectural interest. Club members trade stories, discuss sources of history and resources on old house restoration. Camilla Miller is the current President of Greenfield Landmarks.

We also recall the prior recent award winners.

In 1992, the award for residential restoration was presented to Dale M. Byerly, 39 E. Main, New Palestine, the residential preservation award to Robert and Louise Edwards. 331 N. East St., an adaptive reuse award to Richard and Teresa Mendez, 204 N. State, and the Leslie J. Barr Memorial Award to the organization: Regreening of Greenfield, the group that promoted the idea of re-planting trees in downtown Greenfield and along State Street after its extensive repaving and repairs.

In 1991, the residential restoration award was presented to Dale and Shari Spencer, 22 N. Pennsylvania, a residential restoration award for 620 N. East St., a residential restoration in progress award to Bill Wright for his work at 310 W. Main, and a compatible new construction award to the Greenfield Christian Church.

In 1990, a residential restoration award was presented to David and Becky Martin, 230 W. Walnut. a residential restoration in progress award to Phil and Janice McCord, 609 W. Fifth, a rural preservation award to Michael and Marsha Parker, 7126 West U.S. 52, a commercial restoration award to Les Barr and Terry Jones, 14 W. Main, a compatible new construction award to Pritzke and Davis. Lawyers, 728 North State, and a special award to Cathy Flink who undertook research into the -Gas Boom- architectural heritage of the town.

In 1989. a residential restoration award was presented to Dr. and Mrs. Rudy Boisvenue. 329 N. State, a restoration in progress award to Roger and Linda Rittenhouse, 404 N. State, a residential preservation award to Dr. and Mrs. R. L. Bubenzer, 710 N. Spring, a preservation of a public building award to the United States Postal Service for their maintenance of the

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Greenfield Post Office, and an adaptive re-use award to Bill and Judy Spicer. renovators of the Center Street Shops. 210 Center Street.

The 1988 awards were made for commercial restoration to Jack New for his work on 20 N. State, for residential restoration to Charles and Sally Geile, 427 W. Main, for compatible new construction to Greenfield Builders and Max Greenwalt, and for historical restoration to the Riley Old Home Society for their work on James Whitcomb Riley's Boyhood Home on Main Street.

The 1987 awards were among the most extensive, including a residential restoration award to Phil and Barbara Shepherd, of 110 E. North, a residential preservation award to Mr. and Mrs, Ronald Pritzke, 205 Grant, a public building adaptive re-use award to the City of Greenfield for its renovation of the Old City Building on North Street, a compatible new construction award to Riley Physicians, West North St.. who creatively incorporated elements of the historic Riley School in their medical offices, an adaptive re-use award to Dream World Travel, 330 N. State, a rural preservation award to Wayne and Sally Beck. US 40 and 200 West, and a special award for their Design Guide to Greenfield Revitalization, Inc.

The 1986 residential restoration award was presented to Bob and Becky Bernhard, for their work preserving 204 W. North St. a preservation education award to Marciann Richardson (now Thompson) for her work in the Greenfield School System, a residential preservation award to Rhea Lineback for 304 W. Main, and a restoration in progress award to Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Deuitch of 513 W. Main